Links to Other Sites on the Web to Explore
Select a topic below to view a list of links related to that topic

General links
Timelines [+]
Timeline of Computer History

Fire in the Valley

Lexicon’s History of Computing

The Virtual Museum of Computing

Triumph of the Nerds

A Brief History of Programming Languages

BYTE Magazine’s Top 20 Companies That Got Us Where We Are Today

University of Virginia’s Computer Museum

Timeline of Computer Games

An Historical Timeline of Computer Graphics and Animation

Some sites that offer advice to parents who want to protect their children online: [+]
“A Parent’s Guide to Internet Safety” at


Games [+]
Timeline of Video games

Game emulators

Triumph of the Nerds’ “Can You Guess the Computer” game

Computer Games to Download

Retro Thing Guide to Vintage Games

Games of the 1970s

Download an early text-based video game

Computer Related Music [+]
An Amusing Flash animation set to IBM’s “Ever Onward” rally song

Music From Mathematics

Music from the IBM archives

Video game music

Links Grouped By Gallery Section Relevance
2.0 Big Beginnings [+]
The Gallery of Old Iron

Boolean Logic

Boolean Logic


UNIVAC Memories

UNIVAC Simulator

Make Your Own Punch Card

The Old Computer Hut

“HAL-o-phobia: Computer Horror in the Pre-1990 Popular Cinema,” Anton Karl Kozlovic.

“The Human Computer and the Birth of the Information Age,” By David Alan Grier.

“When Computers Were Women,” Jennifer S. Light J 1999a.pdf

A background on vacuum tubes

“The Cold War, The Space Race, and the Globalization of Public Opinion Polling,” James Schwoch, Northwestern University Center for International and Comparative Studies.

Alan Turing

John Von Neumann

3.0 Forces of Change [+]


What is a PDP?

PDP Planet

The PDP Restoration Project

History of Colossal Cave Adventure/Text-based game

Download Colossal Cave Adventure game

Paper Tape

How Transistors Work, How Microprocessors Work, How Chips Are Made

Moore’s Law

Transistorized, a PBS television show on the transistor - includes a timeline, glossary and video clips from the television program

Best of MIT Hacks

" Do not fold, spindle or mutilate": A cultural history of the punch card, Steven Lubar, Smithsonian Institution, May

“A Brief History of Hackerdom,” by Eric S. Raymond, Date: 2000/05/05 18:57:21.

“Return of the Mac,” by Paul Graham, March 2005

Free as in Freedom: Richard Stallman's Crusade for Free Software, By Sam Williams, O’Reilly, 2002.


Samuel Jay Keyser, “Where the Sun Shines, There Hack They.”

The Tech Model Railroad Club Hackers

A list of hacker slang can be found at

Steve Wozniak, THE WOZ INTERVIEW! Auri Rahimzadeh,

Steve Wozniak

Steve Jobs, Oral History Interview with Steve Jobs. Interviewer: Daniel Morrow, Executive Director, The Computerworld Smithsonian Awards Program, 20 April 1995,

“The early days of personal computers,” Stephen B. Gray. Creative Computing, v10, n11, Nov 1984.

Edmund Berkeley

“Edmund Berkeley, Computers, and Modern Methods of Thinking,” Bernadette Longo, University of Minnesota.

“Phone Phreaks and the Blue Box,”

A general background on BASIC

“BASIC,” By Christopher Garcia, Core 3.2, May 2002.

Bill Gates Interview National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, Interviewer: David Allison (DA), Division of Computers, Information, & Society, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.

How Semiconductors Work

The integrated circuit

“Intel's Accidental Revolution,” Michael Kanellos, Staff Writer, CNET, November 14, 2001.

"The Birth of the Microprocessor: An invention of major social and technological impact reaches its twentieth birthday," Federico Faggin.

4.0 It Happened in Albuquerque [+]
The Virtual Altair Museum


“The Altair story; early days at MITS,” Forrest M. Mims III. CREATIVE COMPUTING VOL. 10, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 1984, PAGE 17.

“1975: ancient history,” by Robert Marsh, CREATIVE COMPUTING VOL. 10, NO. 11 / NOVEMBER 1984 / PAGE 108

“The first decade of personal computing,” David H. Ahl, CREATIVE COMPUTING VOL. 10, NO. 11 / NOVEMBER 1984 / PAGE 30.

The Lunch Group & Guests. Edited by Steve Ditlea, 1984.

“Confessions of a naked programmer,” Michael Shrayer. CREATIVE COMPUTING VOL. 10, NO. 11 / NOVEMBER 1984 / PAGE 130.

Erik Klein’s Vintage Computer Collection

Vintage Computer/IMSAI

The official IMSAI web site

The Media History Timeline: 1970s

5.0 Rise of the Machines [+]
Bob Lash - Memoir/Homebrew

Homebrew Club and John Draper (Cap’n Crunch)

Lee Felsenstein on Homebrew,

Lee Felsenstein's Blog

BYTE Magazine’s 20 Worst Acronyms

The History of Software Patents

Dan Bricklin, co-creator of VisiCalc, on patents and software

Silicon Valley History Online

BYTE Magazine’s 20 Most Spectacular Failures

Games of the 1970s

Vintage Computer Games of the 1980s

History of Video Game Music

The Video Game Revolution: History of Gaming

Emulators — Play Games from the past

6.0 Making Computers Friendly: Software and Communication [+]
Computer viruses

Learning Light’s blogging tools,

Philosophy of the Free Software Movement (talks about copyright)

The Computer Memory Project and

Doug Engelbart's live public demonstration of the online system, NLS given December 9, 1968,

Doug Engelbart’s HyperScope project

How Stuff Works/Computers

History of the Internet

Internet History

The Way Things Work/Internet and Email

Designing the Star User Interface, by Dr. David Canfield Smith, Charles Irby, Ralph Kimball, and Bill Verplank, Xerox Corporation, Palo Alto; and Eric Harslem, Xerox Corporation, El Segundo; Byte, issue 4/1982, pp. 242-282

Eben Moglen, Complete transcript of interview with Eben Moglen: The Encryption Wars, Cabinet magazine

“The Power of the Context,” by Alan Kay.

"On Xerox, Apple, and Progress," by Bruce Horn

The Original Macintosh, Andy Hertzfeld by Date

Dan Smith, Apple software engineer, in Signal, No. 26, March 1986.

The Importance of WYSIWYG

A Critical History of Computer Graphics and Animation

History of Microsoft Windows

The Designer Who Made the Mac Smile, Laurence Zuckerman

“Art That Clicks: Icon designer strives for simplicity,” Michelle Quinn, SF Chronicle, January 25, 1995.

John J. Anderson Distinguished Achievement Award in MacUser March 1993

Wikipedia article on algorithm

"Talking Headers," (excerpt from Where Wizards Stay Up Late), by Katie Hafner and Matthew Lyon. The Washington Post Magazine, August 4, 1996. Edited by Bob Thompson and John Cotter.

Transcript of Tim Berners-Lee’s talk to the LCS 35th Anniversary celebrations, Cambridge Massachusetts, 1999/April/14 [Berners-Lee invented the original World Wide Web]

A table on worldwide internet use can be found at

“Short History of the Internet,” by Bruce Sterling, 1993.

“Security research suggests Linux has fewer flaws”, By Robert Lemos, CNET, December 13, 2004, 5:57 PM PST

Interview with MIT Professor Sherry Turkle, Silicon Valley Radio.

Phishing, see an example at

7.0 A Future Full of Possibilities [+]