Links to Other Sites on the Web to Explore
Select a topic below to view a list of links related to that topic

General links
Timelines [+]
Timeline of Computer History
http://www.computerhistory.org/timeline/

Fire in the Valley
http://www.fireinthevalley.com/fitv_chrono_frameset.html

Lexicon’s History of Computing
http://www.computermuseum.li/Testpage/0000WELCOME.htm

The Virtual Museum of Computing
http://vmoc.museophile.com/#orgs

Triumph of the Nerds
http://www.pbs.org/nerds/

A Brief History of Programming Languages
http://www.byte.com/art/9509/sec7/art19.htm

BYTE Magazine’s Top 20 Companies That Got Us Where We Are Today
http://www.byte.com/art/9509/sec7/art15.htm

University of Virginia’s Computer Museum
http://www.cs.virginia.edu/brochure/museum.html

Timeline of Computer Games
http://www.infoplease.com/spot/gamestimeline1.html

An Historical Timeline of Computer Graphics and Animation
http://accad.osu.edu/~waynec/history/timeline.html

Some sites that offer advice to parents who want to protect their children online: [+]
“A Parent’s Guide to Internet Safety” at
http://www.fbi.gov/publications/pguide/pguide.htm

GetNetWise
www.kids.getnetwise.org

Games [+]
Timeline of Video games
http://paloweb.com/wikipedia.asp?l=en&pages=History+of+comp...

Game emulators
http://www.classicgaming.com/vault/

Triumph of the Nerds’ “Can You Guess the Computer” game
http://www.pbs.org/nerds/game.html

Computer Games to Download
http://www.retro64.com/

Retro Thing Guide to Vintage Games
http://www.retrothing.com/video_games/index.html

Games of the 1970s
http://www.inthe70s.com/games/index.shtml

Download an early text-based video game
http://www.rickadams.org/adventure/e_downloads.html

Computer Related Music [+]
An Amusing Flash animation set to IBM’s “Ever Onward” rally song
http://anthems.zdnet.co.uk/anthems/ibm.swf

Music From Mathematics
http://www.317x.com/albums/i/IBM/card.html

Music from the IBM archives
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/music/music_clips.html

Video game music
http://www.gamespot.com/gamespot/features/video/vg_music/p2_01.html


Links Grouped By Gallery Section Relevance
2.0 Big Beginnings [+]
The Gallery of Old Iron
http://www.thegalleryofoldiron.com/

Boolean Logic
http://www.techweb.com/encyclopedia/defineterm.jhtml?term=Boolean+logic&x=16&y=12&_requestid=8824

Boolean Logic
http://computer.howstuffworks.com/boolean.htm

IBM
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/multimedia/index.html

UNIVAC Memories
http://www.fourmilab.ch/documents/univac/index.html

UNIVAC Simulator
http://www.simtel.net/product.php?url_fb_product_page=57390

Make Your Own Punch Card
http://www.kloth.net/services/cardpunch.php

The Old Computer Hut
http://www.oldcomputers.arcula.co.uk/

“HAL-o-phobia: Computer Horror in the Pre-1990 Popular Cinema,” Anton Karl Kozlovic.
http://fuentes.csh.udg.mx/CUCSH/Sincronia/kozlovic04.htm

“The Human Computer and the Birth of the Information Age,” By David Alan Grier.
http://www.philsoc.org/2001Spring/2132transcript.html

“When Computers Were Women,” Jennifer S. Light
http://www.journalism.wisc.edu/~gdowney/courses/lis810-labor-2004-09/PDF/Light J 1999a.pdf

A background on vacuum tubes
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vacuum_tube

“The Cold War, The Space Race, and the Globalization of Public Opinion Polling,” James Schwoch, Northwestern University Center for International and Comparative Studies.
http://www.isanet.org/noarchive/ISA-Schwoch.pdf

Alan Turing
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/turing/

John Von Neumann
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Von_Neumann

3.0 Forces of Change [+]
Spacewar!
http://www3.sympatico.ca/maury/games/space/spacewar.html http://www.wheels.org/spacewar/creative/SpacewarOrigin.html

DEC PDP-10
http://www.columbia.edu/acis/history/pdp10.html

What is a PDP?
http://www.faqs.org/faqs/dec-faq/pdp8/section-1.html

PDP Planet
http://www.pdpplanet.com/

The PDP Restoration Project
http://www.computerhistory.org/pdp-1/

History of Colossal Cave Adventure/Text-based game
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colossal_Cave_Adventure

Download Colossal Cave Adventure game
http://www.rickadams.org/adventure/e_downloads.html

Paper Tape
http://www.science.uva.nl/faculteit/museum/papertape.html

How Transistors Work, How Microprocessors Work, How Chips Are Made
http://www.intel.com/museum/onlineexhibits.htm

Moore’s Law
http://www.intel.com/technology/mooreslaw/index.htm

Transistorized, a PBS television show on the transistor - includes a timeline, glossary and video clips from the television program
http://www.pbs.org/transistor/index.html

Best of MIT Hacks
http://hacks.mit.edu/Hacks/misc/best_of.html

" Do not fold, spindle or mutilate": A cultural history of the punch card, Steven Lubar, Smithsonian Institution, May
http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/slubar/fsm.html

“A Brief History of Hackerdom,” by Eric S. Raymond, Date: 2000/05/05 18:57:21.
http://www.catb.org/~esr/writings/cathedral-bazaar/hacker-history/

“Return of the Mac,” by Paul Graham, March 2005
http://paulgraham.com/mac.html

Free as in Freedom: Richard Stallman's Crusade for Free Software, By Sam Williams, O’Reilly, 2002.
http://www.oreilly.com/openbook/freedom/appb.html

Hackers
http://catb.org/~esr/jargon/html/introduction.html

Samuel Jay Keyser, “Where the Sun Shines, There Hack They.”
http://alum.mit.edu/ne/whatmatters/200304/sun-shines.html

The Tech Model Railroad Club Hackers
http://tmrc.mit.edu/hackers-ref.html

A list of hacker slang can be found at
http://www.dourish.com/goodies/jargon.html http://catb.org/~esr/jargon/html/online-preface.html

Steve Wozniak, THE WOZ INTERVIEW! Auri Rahimzadeh,
http://www.woz.org/pages/wozscape/pgsinterview.html

Steve Wozniak
http://ed-thelen.org/comp-hist/TheCompMusRep/TCMR-V17.html

Steve Jobs, Oral History Interview with Steve Jobs. Interviewer: Daniel Morrow, Executive Director, The Computerworld Smithsonian Awards Program, 20 April 1995,
http://americanhistory.si.edu/collections/comphist/sj1.html

“The early days of personal computers,” Stephen B. Gray. Creative Computing, v10, n11, Nov 1984.
http://www.atarimagazines.com/creative/v10n11/6_The_early_days_of_pe...

Edmund Berkeley
http://www.smartcomputing.com/editorial/dictionary/detail.asp?guid=&searchtype=1&DicID=17099&RefType=Encyclopedia

“Edmund Berkeley, Computers, and Modern Methods of Thinking,” Bernadette Longo, University of Minnesota.
http://csdl2.computer.org/persagen/DLAbsToc.jsp?resourcePath=/dl/mags/an/&toc=comp/mags/an/2004/04/a4t...

“Phone Phreaks and the Blue Box,”
http://fusionanomaly.net/bluebox.html

A general background on BASIC
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BASIC_programming_language

“BASIC,” By Christopher Garcia, Core 3.2, May 2002.
http://www.computerhistory.org/archive/CORE3.2.pdf

Bill Gates Interview National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, Interviewer: David Allison (DA), Division of Computers, Information, & Society, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
http://www.americanhistory.si.edu/collections/comphist/gates.htm

How Semiconductors Work
http://computer.howstuffworks.com/diode.htm

The integrated circuit
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Integrated_circuit

“Intel's Accidental Revolution,” Michael Kanellos, Staff Writer, CNET News.com, November 14, 2001.
http://www.xnumber.com/xnumber/accidental_revolution.htm

"The Birth of the Microprocessor: An invention of major social and technological impact reaches its twentieth birthday," Federico Faggin.
http://www.pldos.pl/bogus/hardware/procesory/intel/i4004/ffaggin_story.htm

4.0 It Happened in Albuquerque [+]
The Virtual Altair Museum
http://www.virtualaltair.com/

Old Computers.com
http://www.old-computers.com/museum/year.asp?st=1&y=1975

“The Altair story; early days at MITS,” Forrest M. Mims III. CREATIVE COMPUTING VOL. 10, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 1984, PAGE 17.
http://www.atarimagazines.com/creative/v10n11/17_The_Altair_story_earl...

“1975: ancient history,” by Robert Marsh, CREATIVE COMPUTING VOL. 10, NO. 11 / NOVEMBER 1984 / PAGE 108
http://www.atarimagazines.com/creative/v10n11/108_1975_ancient_his...

“The first decade of personal computing,” David H. Ahl, CREATIVE COMPUTING VOL. 10, NO. 11 / NOVEMBER 1984 / PAGE 30.
http://www.atarimagazines.com/creative/v10n11/30_The_first_decade_o...

The Lunch Group & Guests. Edited by Steve Ditlea, 1984.
http://www.atariarchives.org/deli/solomons_memory.php

“Confessions of a naked programmer,” Michael Shrayer. CREATIVE COMPUTING VOL. 10, NO. 11 / NOVEMBER 1984 / PAGE 130.
http://www.atarimagazines.com/creative/v10n11/130_Confessions_of_a_na...

Erik Klein’s Vintage Computer Collection
http://www.vintage-computer.com/index.shtml

Vintage Computer/IMSAI
http://www.vintage-computer.com/imsai8080.shtml

The official IMSAI web site
http://www.imsai.net/

The Media History Timeline: 1970s
http://www.mediahistory.umn.edu/time/1970s.html

5.0 Rise of the Machines [+]
Bob Lash - Memoir/Homebrew
http://www.bambi.net/bob/homebrew.html

Homebrew Club and John Draper (Cap’n Crunch)
http://www.webcrunchers.com/crunch/Play/comp_rev/home_brew.html

Lee Felsenstein on Homebrew
http://opencollector.org/history/homebrew/,

Lee Felsenstein's Blog
http://blogs.salon.com/0001323/

BYTE Magazine’s 20 Worst Acronyms
http://www.byte.com/art/9509/sec7/art18.htm

The History of Software Patents
http://www.bitlaw.com/software-patent/history.html

Dan Bricklin, co-creator of VisiCalc, on patents and software
http://www.bricklin.com/patentsandsoftware.htm

Silicon Valley History Online
http://www.siliconvalleyhistory.org/

BYTE Magazine’s 20 Most Spectacular Failures
http://www.byte.com/art/9509/sec7/art24.htm

Games of the 1970s
http://www.inthe70s.com/games/index.shtml

Vintage Computer Games of the 1980s
http://www.inthe80s.com/compgame.shtml

History of Video Game Music
http://www.gamespot.com/gamespot/features/video/vg_music/index.html

The Video Game Revolution: History of Gaming
http://www.pbs.org/kcts/videogamerevolution/history/index.html

Emulators — Play Games from the past
http://www.classicgaming.com/vault/

6.0 Making Computers Friendly: Software and Communication [+]
Computer viruses
http://www.brainpop.com/technology/computers/computerviruses/

Learning Light’s blogging tools,
http://www.e-learningcentre.co.uk/eclipse/vendors/weblogging.htm

Philosophy of the Free Software Movement (talks about copyright)
http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/philosophy.html

The Computer Memory Project
http://www.well.com/~szpak/cm/ and http://madhaus.utcs.utoronto.ca/local/internaut/comm.html

Doug Engelbart's live public demonstration of the online system, NLS given December 9, 1968,
http://sloan.stanford.edu/mousesite/1968Demo.html

Doug Engelbart’s HyperScope project
http://hyperscope.org/

How Stuff Works/Computers
http://computer.howstuffworks.com/

History of the Internet
http://www.isoc.org/internet/history/

Internet History
http://www.computerhistory.org/exhibits/internet_history/

The Way Things Work/Internet and Email
http://www.houghtonmifflinbooks.com/features/davidmacaulay/inter...

Designing the Star User Interface, by Dr. David Canfield Smith, Charles Irby, Ralph Kimball, and Bill Verplank, Xerox Corporation, Palo Alto; and Eric Harslem, Xerox Corporation, El Segundo; Byte, issue 4/1982, pp. 242-282
http://www.aci.com.pl/mwichary/guidebook/articles/historical/designingth...

Eben Moglen, Complete transcript of interview with Eben Moglen: The Encryption Wars, Cabinet magazine
http://www.cabinetmagazine.org/issues/1/i_moglen_1.php

“The Power of the Context,” by Alan Kay.
http://www.squeakland.org/school/HTML/draper/draperprint.htm

"On Xerox, Apple, and Progress," by Bruce Horn
http://web.archive.org/web/20020603024013/http://www.apple-history.com/horn1.html

The Original Macintosh, Andy Hertzfeld
http://www.folklore.org/ProjectView.py?name=Macintosh&sortOrder=Sort by Date

Dan Smith, Apple software engineer, in Signal, No. 26, March 1986.
http://www.aci.com.pl/mwichary/guidebook/articles/historical/thepastpresentandfutureofthemacintoshdesktop

The Importance of WYSIWYG
http://www.adbh.co.uk/t171/tma3.htm

A Critical History of Computer Graphics and Animation
http://accad.osu.edu/~waynec/history/lesson16.html

History of Microsoft Windows
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Microsoft_Windows

The Designer Who Made the Mac Smile, Laurence Zuckerman
http://www.kare.com/articles/nytimes.html

“Art That Clicks: Icon designer strives for simplicity,” Michelle Quinn, SF Chronicle, January 25, 1995.
http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/1995/01/25/BU30113.DTL

John J. Anderson Distinguished Achievement Award in MacUser March 1993
http://www.kare.com/articles/Images/MacUser.jpg

Wikipedia article on algorithm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Algorithm

"Talking Headers," (excerpt from Where Wizards Stay Up Late), by Katie Hafner and Matthew Lyon. The Washington Post Magazine, August 4, 1996. Edited by Bob Thompson and John Cotter.
http://www.olografix.org/gubi/estate/libri/wizards/email.html

Transcript of Tim Berners-Lee’s talk to the LCS 35th Anniversary celebrations, Cambridge Massachusetts, 1999/April/14 [Berners-Lee invented the original World Wide Web]
http://www.w3.org/1999/04/13-tbl.html

A table on worldwide internet use can be found at
http://www.clickz.com/stats/sectors/geographics/print.php/151151

“Short History of the Internet,” by Bruce Sterling, 1993.
http://w3.aces.uiuc.edu/AIM/scale/nethistory.html

“Security research suggests Linux has fewer flaws”, By Robert Lemos, CNET News.com, December 13, 2004, 5:57 PM PST
http://news.com.com/Security+research+suggests+Linux+has+fewer+flaws/2100-1002_3-5489804.html

Interview with MIT Professor Sherry Turkle, Silicon Valley Radio.
http://www.transmitmedia.com/svr/vault/turkle/turkle_transcript.html

Phishing, see an example at
http://purl.org/net/tbc/misc/phish001.htm.

7.0 A Future Full of Possibilities [+]